Organized by the syllabus for Emory University graduate seminar ARTHIST 769R: Mastering the Archive: Situating Atlanta in the Interwar Housing Debate, taught by Christina E. Crawford, Spring 2018.



>      Archival History Section of the Society of American Archivists. “Bibliography of American Archival History.” October 2016.

>      Blouin, Francis X. "Archivists, Mediation, and Constructs of Social Memory." Archival Issues 24, no. 2 (1999): 101-12.

>      Blouin, Francis X., and William G. Rosenberg, eds. Archives, Documentation, and Institutions of Social Memory: Essays from the Sawyer Seminar. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 2006.

>      Cook, Terry. "The Archive(s) Is a Foreign Country: Historians, Archivists, and the Changing Archival Landscape." The American Archivist 74, no. 2 (2011): 600-32.

>      Farge, Arlette., Thomas. Scott-Railton, and Natalie Zemon Davis. The Allure of the Archives. Lewis Walpole Series in Eighteenth-century Culture and History. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2013.

>      Foucault, Michel. The Order of Things: An Archaeology of the Human Sciences. New York: Vintage Books, 1973, 125-165.

>      Jimerson, Randall C., and Society of American Archivists. Archives Power : Memory, Accountability, and Social Justice. Chicago: Society of American Archivists, 2009.

>      Light, Michelle, and Tom Hyry. "Colophons and Annotations: New Directions for the Finding Aid." The American Archivist 65, no. 2 (2002): 216-30.

>      O'Toole, James M., Richard J. Cox, and Society of American Archivists, Issuing Body. Understanding Archives & Manuscripts. Archival Fundamentals Series. II.

>      Ridener, John. From Polders to Postmodernism: A Concise History of Archival Theory. Duluth: Litwin Books, 2009.

>      Smith, Shawn. American Archives: Gender, Race, and Class in Visual Culture. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1999.

>      Trouillot, Michel-Rolph. Silencing the past Power and the Production of History. Boston: Beacon Press, 2015.

>      Thayer, Jonathan. “Mythmaking and the Archival Record: The Titanic Disaster as Documented in the Archives in the Seaman’s Church Institute of New York and New Jersey,” The American Archivist 75, no. 2 (Fall/Winter 2012), 393-421.

>      Trachtenberg, Alan. Reading American Photographs: Images As History, Mathew Brady to Walker Evans. New York: Noonday Press, 1990.

>      Tryon, Roy H. “Archivists and Business Managers,” in Public History: Essays from the Field, rev. ed., ed. James B. Gardner and Peter S. LaPaglia. Malabar, Fl: Krieger Publishers, 2004.

ARCHIVES + EVIDENCE II | New Deal Documentary Culture


>      Smith, Shawn Michelle. Photography on the Color Line: W.E.B. Du Bois, Race, and Visual Culture. Durham: Duke University Press, 2004.

>      Stange, Maren. Symbols of Ideal Life: Social Documentary Photography in America, 1890-1950. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1989.

>      Stott, William. Documentary Expression and Thirties America. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1986.

>      Tagg, John. The Burden of Representation: Essays on Photographies and Histories. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1993.

>      Tagg, John. The Disciplinary Frame: Photographic Truths and the Capture of Meaning. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2009.

>      Stange, Maren. "Jacob Riis and Urban Visual Culture." Journal of Urban History 15, no. 3 (1989): 274-303.

INTERWAR HOUSING | Theories and Facts



>       * Friedrich Engels, “The Great Towns” excerpt from The Condition of the Working Class in England [1844] in LeGates, Richard T., Frederic Stout, and Raymond Danowski. The City Reader. 5th ed. London; New York: Routledge, 2011, 46-54.

>       * Friedrich Engels, “Part One” of The Housing Question [1872],

>       * Walter Gropius, “How can we build cheaper, better, more attractive houses?” (1927); and Ernst May, “Flats for subsistence living,” (1929) in Benton, Timothy and Charlotte. Architecture and Design, 1890-1939: An International Anthology of Original Articles. New York: Whitney Library of Design, 1975, 195-196; 202-203.

>      Blau, Eve. The Architecture of Red Vienna 1919-1934. Cambridge; MIT Press, 1999, 201-215, 320-339.

>       Crawford, Christina E. "From the Old Family—to the New." Harvard Design Magazine 41: Family Planning (2015): 38-45.

>      Harris, Steven E. Communism on Tomorrow Street: Mass Housing and Everyday Life after Stalin.  Washington, D.C.: Baltimore: Woodrow Wilson Center Press and The Johns Hopkins University Press, 2013, 27-70.

>       Lane, Barbara Miller. “The New Architecture in the Service of Society,” in Architecture and Politics in Germany, 1918-1945. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1985, 87-124.

>      Mullin, John Robert. “Ideology, Planning Theory and the German City in the Interwar Years,” Town Planning Review (April 1982) vol. 53. No. 2, 115-130.

>      Tafuri, Manfredo. “Radical Architecture and the City,” Architecture and Utopia. Cambridge, MA, 1976, 104-124.          

EUROPEAN CONNECTIONS | Bauer, Palmer, + social housing precedents



>      Palmer, Charles Forrest. Adventures of a Slum Fighter. Tupper and Love, 1955.

>      Wurster, Catherine Bauer. Modern Housing. Boston, New York: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1934.


>      Rodgers, Daniel T. Atlantic Crossings: Social Politics in a Progressive Age. Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1998. [Ch. 9: “The Machine Age”; Ch. 10: “New Deal”] [Palmer mentioned on 465-66; 475; 477]

NEW DEAL ATLANTA | The Politics of Race



>      The Atlanta University Publications. W.E.B. DuBois.


>      Bayor, Ronald H. Race and the Shaping of Twentieth-Century Atlanta. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1996.

>      Ferguson, Karen. Black Politics in New Deal Atlanta. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2002.

>      Keating, Larry. Atlanta: Race, Class, and Urban Expansion. Philadelphia, Pa.: Temple University Press, 2001.

>      David L. Lewis, W. E. B. Du Bois: The Fight for Equality and the American Century, 1919–1963 (New York: Henry Holt, 2000), 388. [Du Bois was among the recipients of travel funds from the Oberlaender Trust.]

>      Silver, Christopher. “The Racial Origins of Zoning in American Cities,” in Manning Thomas, June and Marsha Ritzdorf eds. Urban Planning and the African American Community: In the Shadows. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, 1997.

>      Smith, Shawn Michelle. Photography on the Color Line: W.E.B. Du Bois, Race, and Visual Culture. Durham: Duke University Press, 2004.

>      Natanson, Nicholas. The Black Image in the New Deal: The Politics of FSA Photography. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1992.

>      Wright, Earl. The First American School of Sociology: W.E.B. Du Bois and the Atlanta Sociological Laboratory. Farnham, Surrey ; Burlington, VT: Ashgate Publishing Limited, 2016.

>      Earl Wright II. “W. E. B. Du Bois and the Atlanta Sociological Laboratory,” in Berkeley Journal of Sociology, 2016.




>      Straus, Michael W. and Talbot Wegg. Housing Comes of Age. New York: Oxford University Press, 1938.

>      United States, Federal Public Housing Authority. Public Housing: the Work of the Federal Public Housing Authority. National Housing Agency, Federal Public Housing Authority, 1946.


>      Bauman, John F, Roger Biles, and Kristin Szylvian. From Tenements to Taylor Homes: In Search of an Urban Housing Policy in Twentieth-Century America. University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press, 2000.

>      Brown, Marisa Angell. “Integration by Design: Bertrand Goldberg, Stanley Tigerman, and Public Housing Architecture in Postwar Chicago.” Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians, Vol. 76 No. 2, June 2017, 218-238. [postwar, but interesting take on architecture, housing, and race]

>      Cuff, Dana. The Provisional City: Los Angeles Stories of Architecture and Urbanism. Cambridge: MIT Press, 2000.

>      Heathcott, Joseph. “The Strange Career of Public Housing: Policy, Planning, and the American Metropolis in the Twentieth Century.” Journal of the American Planning Association, Vol. 78, No. 4, (Autumn 2012), 360-75.

>      Heathcott, Joseph. "In the Nature of a Clinic": The Design of Early Public Housing in St. Louis.” Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians, Vol. 70, No. 1 (March 2011), 82-103. [very clear corollary to Atlanta]

>     Lusignan, Paul. “Public Housing in the United States, 1933–1949,” Cultural Resource Management 1 (2002).

>      Pommer, Richard. "The Architecture of Urban Housing in the United States during the Early 1930s." Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians 37, no. 4 (1978): 235-64.

>      Radford, Gail. Modern Housing for America: Policy Struggles in the New Deal Era. Historical Studies of Urban America. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1996.

>      Wright, Gwendolyn. Building the Dream: A Social History of Housing in America. 1st ed. New York: Pantheon Books, 1981. [esp. Ch. 12]

>      United States Department of Housing Urban Development. Public Housing That Works: The Transformation of America's Public Housing. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Dept. of Housing and Urban Development, 1996.

>      Von Hoffman, Alexander. House by House, Block by Block : The Rebirth of America's Urban Neighborhoods. New York: Oxford University Press, 2003.  (on the 1996 Olympics in Atlanta)

NEW DEAL ATLANTA | Architecture + Planning



>      Allen, Ivan. The Atlanta Spirit: Altitude and Attitude. Atlanta: Ivan Allen-Marshall Company, 1948.

>      Allen, Ivan. Atlanta from the Ashes. Atlanta: Ruralist Press, 1928.

>      Atlanta Housing Authority. “Rebuilding Atlanta,” First Annual Report. 1938-1939.

>      Atlanta Housing Authority. “Rebuilding Atlanta,” Second Annual Report. 1939-1940.

>       “Standards for Low Rent Housing” in Architectural Record, March 1935, 182-192.

>       United States Work Projects Administration of Georgia. Report: Social Base Map Survey of Atlanta, Georgia ..., 1939.


>       Craig, Robert M. Chapters 1, 4 in Atlanta Architecture: Art Deco to Modern Classic, 1929-1959. Gretna: Pelican Pub., 1995, 15-23; 79-80; 97-133.

>      Fleming, Douglas Lee. “Atlanta, the Depression and the New Deal.” Ph.D. diss., Emory University, Atlanta, 1984.

>      Keating, Larry. Atlanta: Race, Class, and Urban Expansion. Phila.: Temple University Press, 2001.

>      Lands, Leeann. The Culture of Property: Race, Class, and Housing Landscapes in Atlanta, 1880-1950. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 2011.

>      Henri Lefebvre, “The Right to the City,” in Joan Ockman (ed), Architecture Culture 1943-1968 (New York, 1993), pp.428-436.

>      Rutheiser, Charles. Imagineering Atlanta: The Politics of Place in the City of Dreams. New York: Verso, 1996.

>      Schank, Katie Marages. Chapter 1: “From Uplift to Knock Down: New Racial and Spatial Paradigms in Atlanta’s Slum,” in “Producing the Projects: Atlanta and the Cultural Creation of Public Housing, 1933-2011.” Ph.D. diss., George Washington University, Washington, D.C., 2016, 23-87.

>       Schank, Katie Marages. Chapter 2: “’Everyone is watching our progress:’ Techwood and University Homes as Manipulated Modernist Models,” in “Producing the Projects: Atlanta and the Cultural Creation of Public Housing, 1933-2011.” Ph.D. diss., George Washington University, Washington, D.C., 2016, 88-123 .

TECHWOOD + UNIVERSITY HOMES | The projects in a scholarly light


>      Atlanta Housing Authority. Techwood Homes: 50 Years of Growth, Hope and Progress: 1936-1986. Atlanta, Ga.: Atlanta Housing Authority, 1986.

>      Arnold, Peter E. “Public Housing in Atlanta: A National First,” The Atlanta Historical Bulletin 13 (September 1968): 8-18.

>      Corley, Florence Fleming. "Atlanta's Techwood and University Homes Projects: The Nation's Laboratory for Public Housing," Atlanta History (winter 1987-88): 17-36. 

>      Flores, Carol A. “US public housing in the 1930s: the first projects in Atlanta, Georgia.” Planning Perspectives, 9, (1994), 405-430.

>      Grable, Stephen W. “From Private Realtor to Public Slum Fighter: The Transformation of the Career Identity of Charles F. Palmer.” Ph.D. diss., Emory University, Atlanta, 1983.

>      Keating, Larry and Carol A. Flores. "Sixty and Out: Techwood Homes Transformed by Enemies and Friends," Journal of Urban History 26 (March 2000): 275-311. 

>      Kuhn, Cliff., Harlon. Joye, Bernard. West, Camille Billops, James V. Hatch, and Radio Free Georgia Broadcasting Foundation. Living Atlanta: An Oral History of the City, 1914-1948. Atlanta: Athens: Atlanta Historical Society; University of Georgia Press, 1990.

>      Lapping, Mark B.. 1973. “The Emergence of Federal Public Housing: Atlanta's Techwood Project”. The American Journal of Economics and Sociology 32 (4). [American Journal of Economics and Sociology, Inc., Wiley]: 379–85.

>      Lasner, Matther Gordon. Segregation by Design: Race, Architecture, and the Enclosure of the Altanta Apartment. Journal of Urban History. doi: 10.1177/0096144217704316

>      Pollard, Howard. “The Effect of the Techwood Homes.” M.S. diss., Georgia Tech. University, 1968.

>      Ruechel, Frank. 1997. “New Deal Public Housing, Urban Poverty, and Jim Crow: Techwood and University Homes in Atlanta”. The Georgia Historical Quarterly 81 (4). Georgia Historical Society: 915–37.

>      Tindall, George Brown. The Emergence of the New South, 1913-1945. Baton Rogue: Louisiana State University Press, 1967.

>      Vale, Lawrence J. Purging the Poorest: Public Housing and the Design Politics of Twice-cleared Communities. Historical Studies of Urban America. Chicago; London: University of Chicago Press, 2013.